Yes, that’s correct! Derinkuyu is a historical underground city located in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. It is one of several underground cities in the area and is known for its vast network of tunnels and chambers.
Derinkuyu Underground City was carved out of soft volcanic rock, likely during the Byzantine era, around the 8th to 7th centuries BCE. The city was initially used by the Phrygians, an ancient Indo-European people, and later expanded by the Byzantine Christians as a refuge during times of invasion and attack.
The city consists of numerous levels, estimated to be around 18, although not all of them are open to the public. It includes living spaces, storage rooms, ventilation shafts, wells, and even a church. The purpose of these underground cities was primarily defensive, providing a place for the local population to seek refuge during times of war or persecution.
The underground cities of Cappadocia, including Derinkuyu, are remarkable examples of ancient engineering and architecture, showcasing how people adapted to their environment for survival. Today, Derinkuyu is a popular tourist attraction, allowing visitors to explore a fascinating underground world and learn about the region’s rich history.